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The New England Journal of Medicine: Search Results in Pediatrics
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) RSS feed -- Search Results in Pediatrics. NEJM ( is a weekly general medical journal that publishes new medical research findings, review articles, and editorial opinion on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice.

Adolescent Vaping and Nicotine Use in 2017?2018 ? U.S. National Estimates
31/12/69 - To the Editor: A rapid increase in the prevalence of vaping among adolescents has aroused public health concern. Adolescents who "vape" use a device such as an electronic cigarette to inhale a heated aerosol, which typically contains nicotine. In 2017, vaping was the most common use of any…

Hydroxyurea for Children with Sickle Cell Anemia in Sub-Saharan Africa
31/12/69 - Sickle hemoglobinopathies are common and life-threatening genetic disorders. Homozygous hemoglobin S (HbSS) is the most severe genotype, and together with hemoglobin S?0 thalassemia, is called sickle cell anemia. On deoxygenation, erythrocytes become sickle-shaped, rigid, adhesive, and prone to…

Hydroxyurea ? An Essential Medicine for Sickle Cell Disease in Africa
31/12/69 - Higher levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) ameliorate the clinical course of sickle cell disease. Hydroxyurea, an inhibitor of the enzyme ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase, increases HbF synthesis by erythroid cells (Figure 1). More than 20 years ago, a major clinical trial of hydroxyurea in the…

Ophthalmia Neonatorum
31/12/69 - Figure 1.

Reducing Protections for Noncitizen Children ? Exacerbating Harm and Trauma
31/12/69 - On June 26, 2018, a federal judge ordered the Trump administration to reunite families that it had separated at the U.S.?Mexico border. As of mid-October, however, an analysis by the American Civil Liberties Union showed that 245 children were still in government custody. About half those children…

Coronary-Artery Occlusion from Kawasaki?s Disease
31/12/69 - Figure 1.

Persons of Nonbinary Gender ? Awareness, Visibility, and Health Disparities
31/12/69 - Two-spirit, agender, gender fluid, genderqueer, gender-nonconforming, third sex: whatever the terminology, in many cultures throughout history, some people have identified as neither male nor female, or as "nonbinary." As our society?s concept of gender evolves, so does the visibility of…

The Major Causes of Death in Children and Adolescents in the United States
31/12/69 - In 2016, children and adolescents (1 to 19 years of age) represented a quarter of the total estimated U.S. population; reflecting relatively good health, they accounted for less than 2% of all U.S. deaths. By 2016, death among children and adolescents had become a rare event. Declines in deaths…

The Problem for Children in America
31/12/69 - Children in America are dying or being killed at rates that are shameful. The sad fact is that a child or adolescent in the United States is 57% more likely to die by the age of 19 years than those in other wealthy nations. In 2016, there were more than 20,000 deaths of Americans 1 to 19 years of…

Neurodevelopment in Infants Exposed to Zika Virus In Utero
31/12/69 - To the Editor: During the Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in Rio de Janeiro from September 2015 through June 2016, a prospective cohort study involving symptomatic pregnant women who had ZIKV infection confirmed by reverse-transcriptase?polymerase-chain-reaction assay was established. The study was…

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